The Impact of Coat Color and Pattern on American Wirehair Breeding

Have you ever wondered why some American Wirehair cats have unique coat colors and patterns? As a breeder, it’s important to consider the impact of coat color and pattern on breeding. Choosing the right color and pattern can affect the health and personality of your kittens, as well as the market demand for them. In this article, we will take a closer look at the basics of coat colors and patterns, including advanced variations, and explore important factors to consider when breeding for coat color and pattern. So, grab a cup of coffee and let’s get started!

Basic Coat Colors

Basic Coat Colors
When it comes to breeding American Wirehair cats, coat color is an important factor to consider. In fact, the coat color and pattern can greatly impact not only the physical appearance of the cat but also its market demand and genetics. As a breeder, it is important to have a good understanding of the different types of coat colors and patterns. Let’s take a closer look at the basic coat colors that you may encounter in American Wirehair breeding. Understanding these colors will help you make more informed decisions, whether you are selecting a breeding partner or deciding which kittens to keep for future litters.


When it comes to American Wirehair breeding, coat color and pattern play a significant role. Black is a classic color that is often in demand. The American Wirehair breed standard allows for a range of black coat shades, from jet black to a brown-black or even a slightly rust-tinted black. The table below provides additional information about black American Wirehair cats.

Characteristic Description
Coat color Jet black, brown-black, or slightly rust-tinted black.
Eye color Yellow, gold, or copper.
Personality Intelligent, curious, and playful.
Compatibility with other cats Black American Wirehair cats typically do well with other cats.
Health concerns American Wirehair cats, including those with black coats, may be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and polycystic kidney disease. It is important to conduct genetic testing before breeding.

It is important to note that while black American Wirehair cats may be in demand, breeders should not prioritize coat color over other important traits, such as genetic health and temperament. Conducting genetic testing and selecting a compatible breeding partner are crucial steps in producing healthy and well-tempered kittens. For more information on these topics, check out our articles on the importance of genetic testing in breeding American Wirehair, selecting a compatible breeding partner, and breeding for health and temperament.


One of the basic coat colors for American Wirehair cats is white, which can range from pure white to off-white or cream. White coat color is caused by a lack of pigmentation in the fur, resulting in a bright and clean look.

However, breeding for white coat color can be challenging due to the potential for genetic health issues. For example, there is a higher risk of deafness in white cats due to a gene that causes a lack of pigment in the inner ear. It’s important to carefully consider the health implications of breeding for white coat color.

In terms of appearance, white coat color can be variated by having a colored pattern or points. For example, a white cat with black spots or a black tail and ears is referred to as a “tuxedo” cat. Another variation of white coat color is the chinchilla pattern, where the fur is primarily white with a faint dusting of silver or black at the tips.

When breeding for white coat color, it’s essential to carefully select a breeding partner that does not carry genes for potential related health issues. Additionally, it’s essential to consider the demand for white coat color in the market as it is usually less popular than other coat colors. To determine the best breeding strategy, a breeder may need to evaluate the pros and cons of inbreeding vs. outbreeding and weigh the potential benefits of crossbreeding.

White coat color is a beautiful feature in American Wirehair breeding that can be both aesthetically pleasing and challenging. Breeders should carefully consider the genetics, health implications, and market demand before selecting a breeding partner with white coat color.


Red coat color is one of the basic coat colors that American Wirehair cats can have. This color is produced by the phaeomelanin pigment and ranges from a light reddish-orange to a deep mahogany red. In some cases, red-coated cats can have white roots or undercoat, which can create an iridescent or shimmering effect.

The gene responsible for the red color is called the “O” gene, which codes for the production of orange or red pigments. A cat with two copies of the O gene will always have a red coat, whereas a cat with one copy of the O gene will be either red or a black-based color, depending on the presence of other color genes.

The most common pattern seen in red-colored American Wirehair cats is the classic tabby pattern. This pattern consists of vertical stripes that run along the body, with a distinctive “M” shape on the forehead. Other patterns that can occur with red coat color are the mackerel, spotted, and ticked tabby patterns.

Red-coated cats can be prone to some health issues, such as skin sensitivity and allergies. Additionally, breeders should consider the genetic background of the cat and look for potential genetic defects or disorders that may be associated with the red color. It is important to prioritize the health and well-being of the cats when breeding for coat color and pattern.

When breeding for red coat color, it is also essential to consider the temperament and personality of the cats. In general, American Wirehair cats are